Golf Swing Principles

The 14 golf swing principles 

This shows the golf swing principles that affect each golf impact factor
This shows the principles that affect each impact factor

Grip: Placement, positioning, pressure and precision of applying hands to club.

Aim: Alignment of the club face and body in relation to target.

Setup: Posture, ball position, stance, weight distribution and muscular readiness.

Swing Plane: Tilt and direction of the inclined plane made by the shaft.

Width of Arc: Extension of the arms and hands away from the center of rotation during the swing.

Length of Arc: Distance club head travels in backswing and forward swing.

Position (Top of the swing): Relationship of the back of the “lead” arm and wrist to the face of the club and the swing plane at the top of the backswing.

Lever System: Combination of levers formed by the left arm and club during the backswing.

Timing: proper sequence of body and club movement to produce the most efficient result.

Release: Allowing the arms, hands, body, and club to return to the correct impact position unleashing power created in backswing.

Dynamic Balance: Appropriate transfer of weight while maintaining body control.

Swing Center: Point located near the top of the spin around which upper body rotation and swing of arms is in place.

Connection: Establishing and maintaining the various body parts in their appropriate relation to one another setup and during the swing.

Impact: The position of the body and the club at the moment the club head delivers its full energy to the ball.

1. Grip 2. Aim 3. Setup 4. Swing plane 5. Width of Arc 6. Length of Arc 7. Position (top of swing) 8. Lever system 9. Timing 10. Release 11. Dynamic balance 12. Swing center 13. Connection 14. Impact

More articles on the golf swing

If you would like to learn more about what science and coaching has to say about the perfect golf swing mechanics check out this link. Or for a simpler guide and some great golf swing tips check out this link.

For related articles that feature check out:

Head back to golf instruction or long game hub

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A PGA golf professional, with a PhD in Biomedical Science and MSc in Sports Biomechanics & Psychology. I currently spend my time lecturing part-time at Leeds Beckett University and working with elite athletes. In my spare time I build Golf Insider UK.

2 thoughts on “Golf Swing Principles”

  1. Wil,
    Am compelled to get in touch with feedback after a year of following Golf Insider .
    All aspects of my game have improved significantly – perhaps most significant is how much more fun and enjoyment I get from both practicing snd playing . Handicap down from 6.4 to 2.6 and last 8 cards ( non qualifying ) average scores 2 under par a round .
    Congratulations Wil – you have created an outstanding performance improvement tool here.

    • Awww Jamie these messages make my day.

      Delighted the site has been of use and even more delighted to hear of your fine progress.

      Scratch next!

      Keep up the great work.



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